Rock-Cut Architecture of the Ancient World
Rock-cut architecture refers to structures such as dwellings, tombs and temples, which have been carved out of rock (as opposed to extensions of natural caves). Their facades and internal layout reflect the architectural styles of their ancient builders. Some spectacular examples of rock-cut architecture are monolithic formations crafted from one piece of material.
These five perimeters operate as fences that confine a progressive sequence of interiority and depth of the space. Seen from the outside the exterior perimeter is a compact horizontal block. In the interior space is closed laterally and opens to the sky and the ground. This configuration establishes a series of paths along narrow spaces, verti-cal in section, that dissolve into a cubic central space confined within the smallest perimeter.
With this, what we were really looking for was a way to evidence how relative and artificial the distinctions of limits within a work of architecture are and, hence, within one of art. We are interested in exploring the points of transmission, or friction, between one place and another.
We think of the doors as a turning point that sub-verts temporally the definition of space, adding a dynamic dimension to the construction of walls in a work of architecture, something that could be seen as a key that regulates the fluctuation of forces.
Lina Bo Bardi was a Brazilian modernist architect born in Italy. A prolific architect and designer, Lina devoted her working life, most of it spent in Brazil, to promoting the social and cultural potential of architecture and design. Lina designed the “Casa de Vidro” (“Glass House”) to live with her husband in what was then the remnants of the Mata Atlantica, the original rain forest surrounding São Paulo.